The Physiology Of Asphyxia Essay Sample Paper
what is asphyxia and how does it relate to neonatal transition
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Asphyxia is defined as an inadequate supply of oxygen to the body’s tissues, leading to hypoxia (low oxygen levels) and hypercapnia (high carbon dioxide levels) in the blood.
The physiology of asphyxia involves the respiratory system’s inability to provide sufficient oxygen to the body’s tissues due to various reasons, including obstruction of airways, respiratory depression, or inadequate ventilation. As the body’s oxygen supply decreases, the heart rate increases, and blood vessels constrict to maintain blood pressure. However, as the condition progresses, the heart rate slows, and blood pressure drops due to decreased cardiac output The Physiology Of Asphyxia Essay Sample Paper
The body’s response to asphyxia also involves the activation of the sympathetic nervous system, which leads to the release of stress hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol. These hormones cause vasoconstriction, increased heart rate, and increased blood sugar levels, which can help maintain the body’s vital functions for a short time. However, prolonged asphyxia can cause irreversible damage to the body’s organs, particularly the brain, which is highly sensitive to oxygen deprivation. The lack of oxygen can lead to brain cell death and result in neurological deficits and long-term disabilities.
With neonatal transition, asphyxia can occur during the birth process when the baby’s oxygen supply is compromised. This can happen due to various reasons, such as prolonged labor, umbilical cord problems, or maternal health conditions that affect the baby’s oxygen supply. Asphyxia during neonatal transition can lead to significant health problems and even death if not treated promptly. The lack of oxygen can cause damage to the baby’s brain, heart, lungs, and other organs, leading to long-term disabilities such as cerebral palsy, developmental delays, and intellectual disabilities.
Various techniques are employed by health care professionals to mitigate the effects of asphyxia like resuscitation, oxygen therapy, and medication to ensure the baby receives adequate Oxygen.
Asphyxia during neonatal period can have disastrous effects on growth of neonate and can cause irreversible damage to neonate brain. So, carefully assessment of neonate should be done to prevent asphyxia The Physiology Of Asphyxia Essay Sample Paper