The Evaluation Of Nursing Outcomes Discussion
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Chapter 7 Person-Centred Nursing Outcomes and their Evaluation Introduction Outcomes are the results expected from effective PCN. The literature on PCN is weak in terms of methods for evaluating outcomes, with little clarity about outcome focus, methodologies or methods. We have identified three themes for outcome measurement. Outcomes in these themes can be demonstrated from the perspectives of both staff and patients/families. In this chapter, we will explore these three themes from the perspectives of challenges, approaches and tools (Figure 7.1). The chapter will begin with an overview of outcome evaluation in nursing with a particular focus on how caring outcomes are reflected in the literature. The challenges associated with determining outcomes from PCN will then be discussed. A framework for evaluating outcomes from PCN will be proposed that takes account of the evaluation of processes and outcomes arising.
Finally, the chapter will propose a variety of methods that can be used to evaluate PCN outcomes. Outcome Evaluation in Nursing Measuring the effectiveness of nursing is problematic. There is a large and diverse literature that attempts to determine both the key indicators for outcome measurement and methodological approaches. The nursing literature also highlights the challenges associated with evaluating the effectiveness of nursing due to the Figure 7.1 Person-centred outcomes themes. • feeling involved in care, • having a feeling of wellbeing, • the existence of a therapeutic environment, described as one in which: • decision-making is shared, • staff relationships are collaborative, • leadership is transformational, • innovative practices are supported. The Evaluation Of Nursing Outcomes Discussion