Trace A Drop Of Filtrate To The Ureter. Glomerular Capsule -> \( \Right arrow \) Loop Of Henle \( \Right arrow \) \( \Right arrow
The kidneys can be described as two small, bean-shaped organs located on each side of the retroperitoneal space. The main function of the kidney is to filter the blood and extracts the liquid waste from the body and excrete it out the body. Apart from this kidney also functions in maintaining the level of fluid in the body, maintaining osmolarity, homeostasis, acid-base balance, etc. Structure and Function of Kidneys Essay Paper
The blood enters the kidney through renal arteries, gets filtered through the millions of nephrons present in the kidney, and exits out through the renal vein. The collected waste is transported to the bladder as urine through the two tubular structures known as the ureter which connects the kidney and bladder.
The nephrons are considered the structural and functional unit of the kidney because the actual process of blood filtration and urine formation takes place in the nephron. Each adult human kidney contains around 1 million nephrons.
The kidneys also carry out functions independent of the nephrons. For example, they are capable of converting a precursor of vitamin D to calcitriol [an active form of vitamin D]; and synthesize the hormones erythropoietin and renin.
Trace a drop of filtrate to the ureter. Glomerular capsule ->loop of Henlepapillary duct->7. The glomerular capillaries are covered by the layer of the glomerular capsule. The cells that make up this layer are called 8. Blood is taken into the glomerular capillaries by the (vessel). Blood is taken away from the glomerular capillaries via the (vessel). 9. The proximal convoluted tubule is lined by epithelium with on their apical surface 10. The thin segments of the loop of Henle are lined by 11. The distal convoluted tubule is lined by epithelium. 12. The specialized region between the diste The specialized region between the distal convoluted tubule and the afferent arteriole is called the Structure and Function of Kidneys Essay Paper