Psychosocial Perspective Case study
Antoine is a nineteen-month-old boy – the only child of Jana, who is now twenty-two years old. He is bright, healthy, and active. Until recently, he was very playful and curious about everyone and everything. Antoine and mom live in a small house in a suburban community, close by to her parents, her aunt and several cousins. They live on their own primarily, as Antoine’s dad was never really in the picture. Jana works as a clerk in a local insurance company and recently began attending nursing classes in the evening. A teenage cousin comes to babysit in evenings now that mom goes to school – she is a nice girl but seems more interested in talking on her cellphone than playing with Antoine. Psychosocial Antoine misses the bedtime story and playtime he usually enjoys with mom these days. Mother and son have always had a very special, loving relationship and excellent family connections. A change in care happened last month, Aunt Ella had always provided childcare support for days when Jana needed to work. She and Antoine just loved their time together. When Ella’s husband had surgery – she needed to focus on tending to his healing and regretfully asked Jana to find other arrangements for Antoine’s care in the day. He has been very ill, and she has barely been out of the house in a month.
Antoine began going to a small day care last month – just a few other children in a small church-based center. A great playground, nice teacher, clean, interesting toys…. but from his first days, Antoine had trouble adapting. The program reported to mom that he I had become disruptive number of occasions, once hitting his teacher, and often his peers. He had great difficulty in sharing toys and managing his emotions, with regular outbursts. He often chose to take toys and go off in a corner of the room to play on his own. Sometimes he sucked his fingers and that seemed to settle him. Psychosocial He seemed to choose toys a child younger than he might be attracted to at these times.
When the school called Jana – she felt like they were saying something was wrong with Antoine – and immediately became defensive. She remembered being a student in special education, and her schooling sadly left some painful scars. As she listened to
what the daycare was saying though, she had to admit that she’d noticed Antoine becoming more argumentative and difficult of late. For example, Antoine’s program opened in the morning just before Jana had to clock in at work, and when Antoine started resisting her leaving, she didn’t have time to be able to stay and help him settle in. When he began crying in the morning – every morning – and pleading not to go, Jana was at a loss for what to do. On top of everything else, it is hard to bear. She is considering quitting and just staying home with Antoine until he is ready for kindergarten. Jana decided to go to the college’s counseling center for help.
Discuss Antoine from the perspective of the psychosocial stage of toddlerhood.
Discuss what you see in his behaviors and responses – and how this connects with what you learned about the psychosocial perspective. What is the psychosocial ‘crises and the central process needed to move through it. Where is Antoine in this regard. What are you seeing in his behavior and in the situation. How might this reflect on resolution of earlier psychosocial stage? Consider things in your discussion like social attachment, causality, scheme for object permanence, emotional development.
Look at the major theories we discussed earlier on – and choose two to offer a lens for understanding Antoine’s situation and path forward – with recommendations.
Consider Jana from the family life cycle perspective – and consider getting a glimpse of the developmental stage she is in and challenges she faces. Briefly discuss how this offers context. How would you as counselor best support Jana?
What kind of advice might you offer Antoine’s caregivers?
Briefly discuss how your responses or your concerns would differ if you knew mom and Antoine lived in a high crime, high poverty urban area?