Interview And Communication Techniques Assignment Discussion
Please give a response to those 2-discussion post with their reference separately .
Respond to at least two of your colleagues on 2 different days who selected a different patient than you, using one or more of the following approaches:
â€¢ Share additional interview and communication techniques that could be effective with your colleagueâ€™s selected patient.
â€¢ Suggest additional health-related risks that might be considered.
â€¢ Validate an idea with your own experience and additional research
14-year-old biracial male living with his grandmother in a high-density public housing complex
Post a summary of the interview and a description of the communication techniques you would use with your assigned patient. Explain why you would use these techniques. Identify the risk assessment instrument you selected and justify why it would be applicable to the selected patient. Provide at least five targeted questions you would ask the patient.
Initial Discussion Post
This discussion covers an interview with a 14-year-old male patient living with his grandmother in a high-density public housing complex. It covers the summary of the interview conducted to understand the patients, the communication techniques used, the risk assessment tool selected for the case, and the targeted questions.
During an interview with my assigned patient, I would first focus on establishing a rapport with him. This would encompass creating an environment that is safe and free from judgments. Exploring his experiences, feelings, and challenges related to living arrangements, biracial identity, and other potential risks, he might be facing would be very important (Vernon et al., 2021). My main aim would be to gather information to be able to assess his resilience, mental health, and any potential protective factors.
â€¢ Open-ended questions-the main focus here would be undertaking the patient well by encouraging him to share more about his place of residence, how he relates with people, and express his feelings and thoughts in detail (Vernon et al., 2021).
â€¢ Active listening- allowing him to express himself without interruption, listening attentively, and providing both verbal and non-verbal cues to him (Finney et al., 2020).
â€¢ Use a non-directive approach by allowing him to take the lead in the conversation so that he is free to explain important topics to him while guiding him to the relevant discussion gently (Vernon et al., 2021).
â€¢ First, Observe Cultural sensitivity by recognizing and respecting his biracial identity.
Risk Assessment Instrument
I selected the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) tool because of its known use in assessing both behavioral and emotional problems in children and adolescents (Ball et al., 2019). The questionnaire is made up of a total of 25 questions that cover different domains, such as peer relationship issues, inattention, prosocial behaviors, and emotional symptoms. It can help identify the risks he might face (Ball et al., 2019).
1. How do you handle difficult situations or stress in life?
2. How is your sleeping arrangement with your grandmother, and how do you feel living in a place with many people?
3. If you need any help, are there people who can come through except your grandma?
4. What can you say about your biracial identity, and how do you feel about it?
5. Do you face any specific challenges daily?
Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W. (2019). Seidel’s guide to physical examination: An interprofessional approach (9th
ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby
Finney, N., Tadros, E., Pfeiffer, S., & Owens, D. (2020). Clinical implications for multi-racial individuals. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 48(3),
Vernon, K. M., Oliver, M., & Annie, P. (2021). Challenges Pupils with Albinism face in Selected Schools in Luapula Province, Zambia. International
Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS), 8, 395-401.
Week 1 Discussion Post
â€œAssignment: Post a summary of the interview and a description of the communication techniques you would use with your assigned patient. Explain why you would use these techniques. Identify the risk assessment instrument you selected and justify why it would be applicable to the selected patient. Provide at least five targeted questions you would ask the patient. Scenario: 26-year-old Lebanese female living in graduate-student housing:â€
Interview and Communication Techniques
As a healthcare provider, building trusting relationships with patients is essential to promote a healthy provider-patient bond. Patients need to feel comfortable with healthcare providers in order, to be honest and forthcoming in regard to their health. In this scenario, the healthcare provider is assessing a 26-year-old female patient; she is Lebanese and lives in graduate-student housing. I would ensure the interview process promoted and established trust by providing patient-centered care (Ball et al., 2019). Patient-centered care will ensure respect is given to the patient and a thorough response to the patientâ€™s expectations, including needs and wants (Ball et al., 2019). The interview would begin with trying to establish a connection and offering courtesy, such as knocking before entering the room and ensuring the patient is comfortable, as well as identifying any language or communication barriers (Ball et al., 2019). If a language barrier is present, a translator or translation device will be used. Comfort will be evaluated to ensure the patient is physically and emotionally comfortable ( Ball et al., 2019). Cultural considerations would be initialed prior to entering the room. I politely enter the room and also see if anyone else is with the patient or if she is alone, if others are present with the patient it will be important to see how they are connected with the patient (Ball et al., 2019). I would ask the patient what brought her into the clinic today and proceed with more specific questions depending on her answer. I could utilize open-ended questions as well as observe for non-verbal responses and ques the patient may exhibit during the interview. Important aspects of the interview would include ensuring the patientâ€™s information is correct such as name and date of birth, why she is at the clinic, her previous medical problems, allergies, and current medications, and afterward an examination and review of systems (Ball et al., 2019)
As the patientâ€™s healthcare provider, communication techniques would include the use of simple questions and responses. Medical terminology and the use of hard-to-understand medical acronyms would be avoided (Ball et al., 2019). Communication would be patient-centered and sensitive to cultural considerations. Lebanese culture exhibits some Arabic considerations, and men and women may not physically interact with individuals of the opposite gender; however, a smile is considered polite (Culture Atlas., 2023). Eye contact would be a good communication technique and would also be culturally appropriate (Ball et al., 2019). Good eye contact can build trust. Patient-centered communication will promote the development of a positive relationship between me, the provider, and the patient.
Risk factors identification is crucial to ensuring patients are cared for and receiving treatment for all aspects of their health, including physical, mental, and emotional. Risk factors can be identified by the patientâ€™s health history, family history, social history, and even cultural and socioeconomic variables (Sullivan, D., 2019). All patients should be screened for suicidal ideations or risks at each visit to a healthcare facility. This patient would be screened for this; however, another important screening for her would be the Partner Violence Screen (PVS) (Ball et al., 2019). This screening is vitally important due to patients who experience intimate partner violence are largely women and children (Ball et al., 2019). She will be asked brief questions regarding previous abuse, if she currently feels safe, and if has previously felt unsafe in a relationship (Ball et al., 2019). Her responses will determine where the interview and assessment process will go.
Five Targeted Questions:
As the healthcare provider ensuring appropriate questions is essential for a thorough health assessment. Since I will be utilizing a patient-centered approach five targeted questions would include:
1) Hi, I am your healthcare provider, Keisha, can I ask your name and how you would prefer to be addressed today?
-Once we have had this conversation and addressed any language barriers, I will proceed.
2) How can I make you comfortable or do you have any cultural or religious considerations I need to honor?
-I would amend my care based on her response.
3) What brings you in today?
-I would actively listen and ask any pertinent questions pertaining to her answer.
4) Do you mind if I complete a physical exam and ask about your present and past medical history, including social and family history?
-If permission is given, I would complete my exam and Questionnaire.
5) Do you take any medications or do you have any allergies?
-This is extremely important if medications are needed to be given.
These questions can open the door for a more thorough exam and positive patient experience. By allowing the patient to lead the conversation and give permission prior to any examination she has control and can feel more secure.
Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W. (2019). Seidel’s guide to
physical examination: An interprofessional approach (9th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier
Sullivan, D. D. (2019). Guide to clinical documentation (3rd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis
Lebanese Culture Core Concepts (2023). Culture Atlas. https://culturalatlas.sbs.com.au/lebanese-Links to an external site.
Interview And Communication Techniques Assignment Discussion