The Department of Health & Human Services passed the HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) *It aims to restrict public access to patient personal information. The main goals and objectives of HIPAA are: -Health information privacy -Electronic record security -Administrative optimization -Portability of insurance-
*Patients have more control over their health information due to it. -It establishes limitations on how health records can be used and shared. -It lays out the necessary precautions that medical professionals and others must take to ensure the privacy of patient records. -Also, it establishes a balance when public responsibility encourages the publication of certain types of data, such as when doing so to safeguard public health.
For patients, it means being able to decide on a course of treatment after learning how their personal health information may be used, as well as receiving payment for their care. -It enables patients to learn about the potential uses of their information as well as specific disclosures that have already been made. -In general, it restricts disclosure of information to the bare minimum necessary for the disclosure’s intended purpose. -In principle, it offers patients the ability to review, receive a copy of, and request adjustments for their own medical records. -It gives people more control over how their health information is used and shared.
* EMTALA (The Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor act) created to stop hospitals from sending Poor or uninsured patients to public hospitals without, at the very least, giving them a medical screening to make sure they were stable enough to be transferred. **This rule states that emergency departments at Healthcare hospitals must screen and treat patients with emergency medical concerns without regard to their capacity to pay, insurance status, race, creed, or colour.
The provisions of EMTALA: If a doctor refuses to treat an individual who presents with an emergency medical condition or arranges for an appropriate transfer of that person if the hospital is unable to stabilise the emergency situation, the patient may suffer consequences. Under EMTALA, hospitals have three primary responsibilities: 1.Any visitor who makes a request must undergo a medical screening to ascertain whether they have an emergency medical condition. Treatments cannot be put off while you research financing options or insurance coverage. Also, emergency rooms are required to display signs informing patients and visitors of their right to a medical screening assessment and treatment.
2.When an emergency medical situation is present, care must be given until it is either resolved or stabilised. A appropriate transfer of the patient to another hospital must be made in compliance with the EMTALA regulations if the hospital is unable to treat the emergency medical condition. 3.Hospitals that can manage unstable emergency medical problems must transfer patients to hospitals with specific skills.
The PSDA (Patient self -Determination Act) law to tell adult patients about advance health care directives when they are admitted to the hospital. *The Patient Self-Determination Act aims to educate patients about their legal rights with relation to making decisions about their own medical treatment and to ensure that the health care practitioner informs patients of these rights. According to the PSDA, adult patients must be informed of their rights under state advance directive laws, including the following: 1) The right to direct and participate in their healthcare decisions. 2) The right to accept or reject medical or surgical treatment. 3) The right to create an advance directive. 4) Details on the provider’s policies that control how these privileges are used. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act Essay Paper