I have to research three different chemicals used in sterile processing. Provided the following information and answer the questions about each chemical: Include just the top or first sheet from the chemicals you select for this project. This could mean you need to take a screenshot, or a photo, or a download of the chemical sheet. Some of these chemicals can be 50 pages long, so only the first page, please. Include in the introduction of your paper the purpose of MSDS sheets, why are they required to be readily available in each department. Where are they commonly found, and how would you access them, especially in an emergency? How is this chemical used in the sterile processing department? What other names could this chemical be identified as? What are the PPE requirements or environmental requirements for handling this chemical safely? What are the dangers of this chemical, what harm could it bring? IF exposed to this chemical, what are the necessary immediate steps to take to help the person who was exposed? Papers should be in APA format including a cover sheet, reference page, and in-text citations.

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1.FORMALDEHYDE. Low-temperature steam with formaldehyde is used as a low-temperature sterilization method.The process involves the use of formalin, which is vaporized into a formaldehyde gas that is admitted into the sterilization chamber. formaldehyde concentration of 8-16 mg/l is generated at an operating temperature of 70-75°C.The sterilization cycle consists of a series of stages that include an initial vacuum to remove air from the chamber and load, followed by steam admission to the chamber with the vacuum pump running to purge the chamber of air and to heat the load, followed by a series of pulses of formaldehyde gas, followed by steam. Formaldehyde is removed from the sterilizer and load by repeated alternate evacuations and flushing with steam and air. Formaldehyde vapor cabinets also may be used in healthcare facilities to sterilize heat-sensitive medical equipment. Commonly, there is no circulation of formaldehyde and no temperature and humidity controls.Reliable sterilization using formaldehyde is achieved when performed with a high concentration of gas, at a temperature between 60o and 80°C and with a relative humidity of 75 to 100%.
Low-temperature steam formaldehyde sterilization has been found effective against vegetative bacteria, mycobacteria, B. atrophaeus and G. stearothermophilus spores and Candida albicans.


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CHLORINE. Chlorine dioxide gas is used to sterilize medical and laboratory equipment, surfaces, rooms and tools. Chlorine dioxide can be used as oxidizer or disinfectant. It is a very strong oxidizer and it effectively kills pathogenic microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria and viruses. It also prevents and removes bio film. As a disinfectant and pesticide it is mainly used in liquid form. Chlorine dioxide can also be used against anthrax, because it is effective against spore-forming bacteria.Breathing Chlorine Dioxide can irritate the lungs causing coughing and/or shortness of breath. Higher exposures can cause a build-up of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema), a medical emergency, with severe shortness of breath. Chlorine dioxide is a true sterilant gas and works at true ambient temperature. The boiling point of CD is low, at -40°C. CD gas will not condense on devices. It is a surface sterilant, therefore CD gas can sterilize prefilled syringes, while maintaining drug integrity, and medical devices with complex geometries.
Chlorine dioxide is used as a bleach at pulp mills, which make paper and paper products, and in public water-treatment facilities, to make water safe for drinking. It has also been used to decontaminate public buildings. Chlorine dioxide is soluble in water and will react rapidly with other compounds.
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HYDROGEN PEROXIDE a mild antiseptic used on the skin to prevent infection of minor cuts, scrapes, and burns. It may also be used as a mouth rinse to help remove mucus or to relieve minor mouth irritation (such as due to canker/cold sores, gingivitis). This product works by releasing oxygen when it is applied to the affected area. The release of oxygen causes foaming, which helps to remove dead skin and clean the area.This product should not be used to treat deep wounds, animal bites, or serious burns.Do not use in the eyes or apply over large areas of skin.
If you are using this product on the skin, clean the affected area before use. Apply a small amount of product on the affected area, usually 1 to 3 times daily or as directed by your doctor. If you apply a bandage after using this product, let the area dry first.Redness, stinging, or irritation at the application site may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, contact your doctor or pharmacist promptly.Before using hydrogen peroxide, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems.
has strong oxidizing properties and is therefore a powerful bleaching agent that has found use as a disinfectant, as an oxidizer, and in rocketry (particularly in high concentrations as high-test peroxide (HTP) as a monopropellant), and in bipropellant systems.
Final answer
The gaseous chemical agents used for sterilization include ethylene oxide, formaldehyde, nitrogen dioxide and ozone. Liquid sterilization is the process of immersing the object in a liquid such that it kills all the viable microorganisms and their spores. Gaseous Chemical Agents Used for Sterilization Essay Paper