Need to write a final Thesis paper, topic: “In vitro fertilization procedures using frozen embryo transfers has proven to have greater success rates than fresh embryo transfers.” minimum of 2 pages in APA format.
Title: In vitro fertilization procedures using frozen embryo transfers have proven to have greater success rates than fresh embryo transfers.
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a fertility treatment that involves the fertilization of eggs with sperm outside the body, followed by the transfer of the resulting embryos to the uterus. IVF has been used successfully for several decades to help couples conceive who have difficulty conceiving naturally. One of the key factors that can affect the success of IVF is the method used for embryo transfer. In recent years, there has been growing evidence to suggest that frozen embryo transfers (FET) may be more effective than fresh embryo transfers (ET). This paper aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of the available literature to support the hypothesis that FET has greater success rates than ET in IVF procedures.
The first successful pregnancy resulting from IVF was reported in 1978, and since then, IVF has become an increasingly popular treatment option for couples struggling with infertility. However, despite advances in IVF technology and techniques, the success rates of IVF procedures vary widely. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the success rate of IVF procedures in the United States ranges from around 22% to 40% per cycle, depending on the age of the woman undergoing the procedure, the number of embryos transferred, and other factors.
One factor that has been shown to affect the success rates of IVF is the method used for embryo transfer. Traditionally, fresh embryos have been used for IVF procedures, with the embryos being transferred to the uterus within a few days of fertilization. However, more recently, frozen embryos have been used for IVF procedures, with the embryos being cryopreserved and stored until they are needed for transfer.
Several studies have investigated the efficacy of frozen embryo transfers compared to fresh embryo transfers in IVF procedures. A meta-analysis of 25 randomized controlled trials published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) in 2018 found that the use of frozen embryos resulted in higher rates of live birth and lower rates of miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy compared to the use of fresh embryos. The study concluded that the use of frozen embryos for IVF procedures may be associated with better outcomes than the use of fresh embryos.
One of the reasons why FET may be more effective than ET is that the use of frozen embryos allows for better timing of the transfer. With FET, the embryos can be cryopreserved and stored until the optimal time for transfer, which may result in a better chance of implantation and pregnancy. Additionally, FET can help to reduce the risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), which is a potential complication of IVF procedures that can be caused by the use of fertility drugs.
Another advantage of FET is that it allows for the screening of embryos for genetic abnormalities prior to transfer. With preimplantation genetic testing (PGT), embryos can be screened for chromosomal abnormalities and other genetic disorders, which may increase the likelihood of a successful pregnancy and reduce the risk of miscarriage.
In conclusion, the available literature suggests that in vitro fertilization procedures using frozen embryo transfers have greater success rates than fresh embryo transfers. Several studies have shown that the use of frozen embryos for IVF procedures results in higher rates of live birth and lower rates of complications such as miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy. The advantages of FET include better timing of the transfer, reduced risk of OHSS, and the ability to screen embryos for genetic abnormalities prior to transfer. Further research is needed to fully understand the mechanisms behind the improved success rates of FET, but the current evidence suggests that it may be a promising option for couples undergoing IVF procedures. Fertilization Procedures using Frozen Embryo Essay Paper