A nurse practitioner is instructing nursing students about a patient who has just been found to have a total cholesterol of 234, an HDL of 32 and an LDL of 137 with a triglyceride level of 140. What is the first line of treatment for this patient?
Group of answer choices
Low fat diet and cardiovascular exercise at least thirty minutes per day, three times per week. Elevated Cholesterol Levels for Lifestyle Modifications Essay Example
The first step in managing elevated cholesterol levels is lifestyle modifications, including a low-fat diet and regular physical activity. A low-fat diet emphasizes foods that are low in saturated and trans fats, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein sources, and low-fat dairy products. Regular physical activity, such as cardiovascular exercise for at least 30 minutes, 3 times a week, can help to raise HDL (good cholesterol) levels and lower LDL (bad cholesterol) levels.
If lifestyle modifications alone do not effectively manage the patient’s lipid levels, medication may be prescribed. Some commonly used medications include statins, such as simvastatin, which lower cholesterol by blocking the production of cholesterol in the liver.
Fenofibrates, such as Tricor, reduce the production of triglycerides and increase the removal of LDL cholesterol from the bloodstream. Ezetimibe (Zetia) works by blocking the absorption of cholesterol in the small intestine.
The first line of treatment for this patient with elevated total cholesterol, low HDL, and high LDL and triglyceride levels is typically a low fat diet and cardiovascular exercise at least thirty minutes per day, three times per week.
If lifestyle changes alone do not effectively manage the patient’s lipid levels, medication such as statins, fibrates, or ezetimibe may be prescribed. Elevated Cholesterol Levels for Lifestyle Modifications Essay Example