Diabetic Ketoacidosis Essay Discussion Paper
I NEED PRESENTAION ABOUT Diabetic Ketoacidosis
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A serious complication of both type 1 and, much less frequently, type 2 diabetes is diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). DKA occurs when your blood sugar levels are extremely high and your body begins to accumulate dangerous amounts of acidic compounds known as ketones.
Ketosis, which is safe, should not be confused with ketoacidosis. A ketogenic diet, often known as a very low-carb diet, or fasting can both lead to ketosis.
DKA only occurs when the body lacks enough insulin to convert blood sugar into energy. If this occurs, your liver begins to use fat as fuel, which causes the release of ketones into the blood. Ketone levels that are too high can be harmful.
When insulin levels are low, DKA happens. To make use of the blood glucose that is there, our bodies require insulin. High blood sugar levels are the result of the inability of glucose to enter the cells in DKA. Diabetic Ketoacidosis Essay Discussion Paper
In response, the body begins converting fat into a fuel source that doesn’t need insulin. Ketones are the byproduct of fat conversion to energy. Your blood turns acidic when there is an excessive buildup of ketones. The condition is diabetic ketoacidosis.
DKA’s most typical causes include:
Missing an insulin injection, not injecting enough insulin, being ill or infected, and, if you use an insulin pump, having a blockage
DKA risk elements include:
Having type 1 diabetes being younger because, according to research, 63 percent of DKA cases occur in people under the age of 51 experiencing physiologic shock, a condition that is life-threatening because of interrupted blood flow experiencing emotional or psychological stress experiencing an acute cardiovascular disease like a heart attack or stroke
having a substance use issue or acute gastro-intestinal sickness, such as pancreatitis
being affected by an eating disorder and/or certain endocrine diseases, such as Cushing syndrome and hyperthyroidism
a recent operation
•The risk of DKA may be raised by specific drugs. These comprise: Diabetic Ketoacidosis Essay Discussion Paper
Some antipsychotic drugs, such as clozapine (Clozaril), olanzapine (Zyprexa), and risperidone (Risperdal), corticosteroids, thiazide diuretics,
•Hispanic, Asian, and Black individuals are more prevalent.
individuals with excess weight or obesity males in their middle years
DKA symptoms can manifest suddenly.
DKA’s early signs can include:
extreme thirst or mouth dryness
Hyperglycemia, another name for high blood sugar
significant levels of ketones in the urine
As DKA worsens, more symptoms could manifest:
loss of consciousness, also known as fainting or syncope, nausea or vomiting, abdominal pain, confusion, fruity-smelling breath, flushed face, exhaustion or weakness, rapid breathing, and dry skin
A medical emergency is DKA. If you believe you might be experiencing DKA, contact your local emergency services right away.
DKA can cause a coma or perhaps death if it is not treated.
Diagnosis ➡️Having any of the following experiences Your blood sugar level remains at or above 300 mg/dL. Your breath has a fruity odour. You’re throwing up and unable to swallow food or liquids. You’re having respiratory problems. You exhibit a variety of DKA symptoms. Use an over-the-counter ketone test kit to examine your urine or a metre to test your blood for ketones every 4 to 6 hours if you’re feeling under the weather or your blood sugar is 240 mg/dL or higher. Diabetic Ketoacidosis Essay Discussion Paper
Treatment ➡️You will receive treatment in the emergency room or be admitted to the hospital if you develop DKA. Your treatment will probably consist of:
replacing the fluids you lost from frequent urination and reducing the blood’s excess sugar.
replacing electrolytes, which are nutrients that keep your heart, muscles, brain, and nerves functioning properly. Your electrolyte levels can drop if you take too little insulin.
insulin injection. The DKA-causing diseases are treated with insulin.
using prescription drugs, such as antibiotics for an infection, for any underlying conditions that led to DKA.
The potentially fatal condition known as diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) affects patients with diabetes. It happens when the body begins to break down fat at an excessively rapid rate. The fat is converted by the liver into a fuel called ketones, which makes the blood acidic.
You exhibit a wide range of diabetic ketoacidosis symptoms. These symptoms include a strong desire to drink a lot of water, frequent urination, nausea and vomiting, stomach pain, weakness or exhaustion, shortness of breath, a fruity breath fragrance, and confusion. Diabetic Ketoacidosis Essay Discussion Paper