Crude Oil Health Hazards To Humans Essay Paper
Identify the possible type of chemical which involves in this “Deep Water Horizon” tragedy, find the Safety Data Sheet (SDS) of the chemical and based on the SDS, prepare a THREE pages report of the chemical. You were also required to submit the copy of the 1st page of the SDS used, as evidence).
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The Deep water Horizon oil spill, also known as the BP spill, was a disaster that occurred on April 20 , 2010 , when the oil drilling rig Deep water Horizon exploded in the Gulf of Mexico, resulting in the largest marine oil spill in history .
The spill resulted in the release of millions of barrels of crude oil in to the ocean , which had devastating effects on the environment and local wildlife.
The type of chemical involved in the deep water Horizon tragedy was crude oil.
Crude oil is a fossil fuel that is composed of a mixture of hydrocarbons, including alkanes, cycloalkanes, and aromatic compounds.
Crude oil is typically extracted from underground reservoirs and is refined to produce a range of products , including gasoline, diesel fuel, and lubricating oils.
In order to obtain the Safety Data Sheet for crude oil , we must first determine the specific type of crude oil involved in the Deep water Horizon spill.
According to reports, the crude oil released in the spill was light, sweet crude oil from the macondo well in the Gulf of Mexico .
Therefore, we will obtain the SDS for a similar type of crude oil, such as West Texas Intermediate(WTI) crude oil.
Physical and chemical properties:
Crude oil is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons and contains a range of different chemical compounds.
The specific properties of crude oil can vary depending on the source of the soil, but in general , crude oil is a flammable liquid that is insoluble in water .
WTI crude oil has a specific gravity of 0.82 to 0.95, a flash point of 38 to 93 degree Celsius , and a boiling point range of approximately 149 to 538 degree Celsius.
Health Hazards :
Crude oil can pose a range of health hazards to humans, including skin irritation , eye irritation , and respiratory irritation .
Prolonged or repeated exposure to crude oil can also contain trace amounts of heavy metals, such as lead and mercury, which can pose additional health risks.
THE release of crude oil in to the environment can have devastating effects on ecosystems and wildlife.
Crude oil is toxic to aquatic life and exposure to oil can cause significant harm to fish, shellfish, and other marine organisms.
The oil can also contaminate shorelines, causing long- term damage to coastal habitats. the cleanup of crude oil spills can also have negative environmental impacts, as the use of chemical dispersants and other cleanup methods can further harm marine life and ecosystems .
Fire and Explosion Hazards:
Crude oil is a flammable liquid and can pose a fire and explosion hazard if not handled properly.
The flash point of WTI crude oil is relatively low, which means that it can ignite easily if exposed to a spark or flame.
The handling and transportation of crude oil require strict measures to prevent fires and explosions.
Crude oil is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons that can pose a range of health , environmental, and safety hazards. The SDS for WTI crude oil provides important information about the physical and chemical. Crude Oil Health Hazards To Humans Essay Paper